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Distillation Process
MILLING
Grain is milled, or ground, to expose the starches. Milled grain and water go into a cooker. Currently, Lux Row Distillers mills corn, wheat, rye and malted barley grains to make two separate bourbon mash bills.
COOKING
Cooking softens the grain to maximize starch conversion into sugar. Natural enzymes are added, traditionally malted barley, to help convert the starches from the grain into sugar. Lux Row Distillers has two cookers capable of producing 4,000 gallons of mash each.
FERMENTING
Yeast is added to begin the fermentation process of converting sugar into alcohol. Fermentation can take three to seven days. Once complete, the mash is essentially beer. Lux Row Distillers has twelve (four open top and eight closed top) 12,000 gallon stainless steel fermenters.
DISTILLING
Distillation uses heat to separate the alcohol from water and solids by vaporizing them. When the alcohol vapors reach the top of the still they hit a condenser, a coil or tube surrounded by cold water, where they turn back into liquid. Lux Row Distillers has a 36-inch Vendome copper still with 19 distillation plates at over 43 feet in height.
BARRELING
After distillation, the spirit is put into a new, charred oak barrel at 125 proof or below. Currently, Lux Row Distillers has two barrel warehouses with plans of building six in total. Each barrel warehouse will hold 20,000 barrels.
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